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Sustainable Tourism in Protected Areas: Guidelines for Planning and Management

TitleSustainable Tourism in Protected Areas: Guidelines for Planning and Management
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsEagles P-F-J, Haynes C-D, McCool S-F
EditionIUCN; IUCN and Natural Resources
PublisherIUCN, Gland, Switzerland, and Cambridge, UK, the United Nations Environment Programme and the World Tourism Organization
Keywordsconservation, guidelines, history, management, management tool, methodology, planning, protected area, recreation, stakeholders, sustainable tourism, tourism, value

The link between protected areas and tourism is as old as the history of protected areas. Protected areas need tourism, and tourism needs protected areas. Though the relationship is complex and sometimes adversarial, tourism is always a critical component to consider in the establishment and management of protected areas.The main purpose of these Guidelines is to assist protected area managers and other stakeholders in the planning and management of protected areas, visitor recreation and the tourism industry, so that tourism can develop in a sustainable fashion, while respecting local conditions and local communities. They provide a theoretical structure, but are also intended to help managers in practical ways. The underlying aim is to ensure that tourism contributes to the purposes of protected areas and does not undermine them.These Guidelines contain numerous practical suggestions about how this can be done, based not only on sound theory but also on practice from around the world.